Ooty also known as Udhagamandalam is the "Queen of hill stations" and the capital of Nilgiris district. It is one of the most popular tourist resorts in India. It is located at an altitude of 2,240 m, has a unique flavour among Indian towns. It is for this and the beautiful greenery that the town of Udhagamandalam is rightly known as the Queen of Hills with temperatures hover between 9°C to 19°C. Its history, coupled with the pleasant temperate mountain climate and beautiful scenic grandeur against the backdrop of Nilgiri Hills, gives it a colonial charm, typical of a British era hill town which, in fact, it once was. The natural surroundings of Ooty include landscapes, dense forest reserves and national parks.
Udhagamandalam was founded by John Sullivan, the then Governor of Coimbatore in 1819.