Amritsar, literally a Pool of Nectar, derives its name from Amrit Sarovar, the holy tank that surrounds the splendid Golden Temple. Guru Ramdas, the fourth Guru of the Sikh faith, founded Amritsar in 1579. He constructed a pool on land gifted by the Mughal Emperor Akbar and called it Amritsar.
Home to the world famous Golden Temple, the 400-year-old city of Amritsar is the most important seat of Sikh history and culture.
One of the most poignant memorials of free India -- Jallianwala Bagh – is also located in the city. Amritsar district was once a part of the vast area covered by the Indus valley Civilisation during the early period of history.
Altitude: 760 ft
STD Code: 0183
Language: Punjabi, Hindi, English and Urdu
Temperature: Summer: 42 – 23 C Winter: 24 - 1 C
Best Season: Throughout the year.
Local transport: Rickshaws, taxies, auto-rickshaws and buses are the major modes of local transport in Amritsar.
How to reach
By Air: Amritsar has its own international airport, Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee International Airport daily domestinc flight connects with the Delhi, Chandigarh, srinagar and Jammu and the international flishts connects with the London, Dubai and Toronto.
By Rail: Amritsar has its own railway station. Which is connected with the almost all major cities of India.
By Road:Amritsar is well connected with the all important cities like Ambala, Delhi, Chandigarh and Jammu.