Thanjavur (earlier known as Tanjore) was the royal city of the Chola, Nayak and the Maratha rulers. According to legend, Thanjavur got its name from Tanjan, a giant, who devastated the neighbourhood and was killed by goddess Sri Anandavalli Amman and Lord Vishnu. Thanjavur is an important centre of South Indian religion, art, and architecture. Most of the Great Living Chola Temples, which are UNESCO World Heritage Monuments, are located in and around Thanjavur. The foremost among these, the Brihadeeswara Temple, is located in the centre of the city. 
Thanjavur has produced many classical musicians and Bharatanatyam dancers and is also well known for its unique painting style called Tanjore Painting and Thavil, a percussion instrument.  Apart from hundreds of ancient temples, the district is also known for its exquisite handicrafts, castings, pith craft and South Indian musical instruments. The city is an important agricultural centre located in the Cauvery Delta and is known as the "Rice bowl of Tamil Nadu".
General Information
Temperature: Summer: 36.6 - 32.5 C, Winter: 23.5 - 22.8 C
Season: Throughout the year
Clothing: Tropical
STD Code: 04362
How to reach
Air: The nearest airport is Tiruchirapalli (58 km) which is connected to Chennai and other places.
Rail: Thanjavur is directly connected by rail to Tiruchi, Madurai, Chennai, etc.
Road: Thanjavur is well connected by road with most places in the South. Some of them are Chennai (334 km), Madurai (158 km), Rameswaram (255 km), Chidambaram (114 km).